Engineering is the most popular choice even today. Engineering encompasses a variety of specializations such as computer, chemical, instrumentation, production, biomedical and so forth. However today its best to opt for core engineering streams such as civil, mechanical, electrical and electronics and then move to higher specialisations such as biotechnology, biomedical, IT, Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering and so forth. Success in the field of engineering calls for good general ability, and above average analytical and numerical skills, and most importantly, a sound understanding of physical and mechanical principles. The route for this career is after XII (science - PCM). One can also opt for a diploma in engineering after class X. Entrance exams All India as well as state level exams are conducted for admission to the coveted IITs, NITs and state engineering colleges.
Some niche / special streams of engineering:
Biomedical Engineering deals with solving problems in biology and medicine by the application of engineering tools. Biomedical engineers apply knowledge of engineering, biophysical and biomechanical principles to design, develop, manufacture and maintain biological and healthcare systems and products.
Marine Engineering encompasses the work of designing, construction and maintaining of ships. It also includes the supervision, installation and repair of marine power plants, harbours, docks and offshore drilling platforms.
Robotics Engineering combines the fields of electronics, electrical, and mechanics for industrial purposes and is necessary wherever there is an interaction and control of production, distribution and/or manufacturing by an automated process.
Sound Engineering technicians install, test, repair, set up, and operate the electronic equipment used to record and transmit radio and television programs, cable programs, and motion pictures. They work with television cameras, microphones, tape recorders, lighting, sound effects, transmitters, antennas, and other equipment.