Every year we see that there are more career opportunities and options available for students. When a child completes his tenth standard, it is often time for him/her to choose certain streams for which he/she has an aptitude towards, or which he/she is interested in.
However, many students make the mistake of letting their marks decide what stream they should take up. This leads to the thinking that if the student has scored between 80-90 % then he/she could opt for science. If the percentage is between 70-80 % then the commerce option is good and if the percentage scored is below than that the only option remains with them is Arts.
There is still another misconception about Arts stream. Most of the people feel that the stream of arts does not open up many career opportunities and the only option which is available for students is the teaching line and becoming a professor.
However, most of the times students follow a faulty method of arriving at or choosing career options. What they should do instead is first identify, broadly, what they want to do, and then they should find out what they need to study in order to get their dream job. If they do this the other way round, that means that they are being dictated by their circumstances.
‘Social sciences' or ‘Humanities’ popularly termed as the Arts stream includes study of human beings, the society they live in, their interrelationships and behavioral patterns. The humanities stream offers a variety of subjects for study. Education, research, the development sectors, service sectors, government jobs, politics, administration & public affairs, law, mass media, defense, investigative and protective services offer an array of career openings.
The avenues available are vast in the field of Arts with specialization in the English literature, Marathi literature, foreign languages, psychology, political science, philosophy, sociology, politics, economics, history, geography, mathematics, statistics and so forth. As the student completes the HSC, they have to choose their specialization along with other optional subjects and the duration of the course is 3 years.
Following are the avenues open for students who specialize in any of these subjects:
Economics is the study of production and distribution processes, which encompasses the most effective means of utilizing available resources in every sector. Ability to deal with numbers, good analytical mind and good communication skills are important aspects of this field. Some of the specializations in economics are agricultural economics, international economics, industrial economics and so forth.
History deals with preparing a chronological record of events dealing with some phase of human activity, either individuals or social, ethnic, political or geographical. Archeology, museology, conservation and heritage management, numismatics are some of the specializations of this field. Persistent and determined approach along with methodical and well organized attitude is important. A bachelor’s or master’s degree in history is excellent preparation for a career in law, teaching, library and information science, in publishing, civil services, in administration, human resources management, in films and television etc. Local authorities, art galleries, museums, travel and tourism organizations, the Archaeological Survey of India, historical/cultural research institutions are also some of the places which would provide job opportunities for students. They may also serve as researchers, writers, editors, and educators. They may work on programmers for the History Channel, on historical films, in history-related web site creation and production of CD-ROMS, etc.
Sociology is the systematic study of relationships among people. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts. Skills in analyzing and interpreting information, planning and organizational ability, and an eye for detail are imperative. Sociologists may join as faculty in colleges and universities, teaching and advising students, conducting research, and publishing their work. Other than academics and research, they may enter the corporate world, on-profit organizations, and the government in market research, policy analysis, as consultants, and in administration. The job opportunities could also be in qualitative market research and analysis, survey research, and work in urban planning, community development, and criminology, in demographics and in politics.
Philosophy is the study of seeking knowledge and wisdom in understanding the nature of the universe, man, ethics, art, love, purpose, and so on. Analytical and critical thinking skills along with precision and creativity are most important in the field of philosophy.
Political science is the study of politics, which involves the study of structure and process in government that attempts to assure safety, fairness, and closure across a broad range of risks and access to a broad range of commons for its human charges. Independent thinking, good written and oral communication skills are important in this field. post graduation in this filed could fetch you opportunities in research, teaching, civil services, Public affairs, Social work, Law and so froth.
The study of any foreign language involves learning the grammar, syntax and other subtle language nuances in depth. Foreign languages help prepare you to work in many types of jobs. Foreign languages offer opportunities in teaching, film subtitling, archiving, interpreting, copy editing and so forth. One can also major in a foreign language. Good verbal ability, patience and the ability to withstand strain are the essential abilities for this field. German, French, Japanese, Italian, Spanish, Arabic, Persian are some of the languages which do have a demand in the market. Translation (General & Technical). The job opportunities in the field of foreign languages could be plenty such as Technical Translator, Research and Documentation, Interpretation, Transcription, Teaching, Hotel industry, Aviation industry, banking and so forth.
The study of any regional language involves learning the grammar, syntax and other subtle language nuances in depth. Regional languages offer opportunities in teaching, film subtitling, archiving, copy editing, copy writing, journalism, and so forth. One can also major in a regional language. Good verbal ability, patience and the ability to withstand strain are the essential abilities for this field. Hindi, English Literature, Marathi Literature, Sanskrit are some of the languages taught under this section.
Statistics is the scientific application of mathematical principles to the collection, analysis, and presentation of numerical data. One needs to have a liking towards working with numbers along with good analytical ability and interpretation skills.
Geography provides accurate, orderly, and rational description and interpretation of the variable character of the earth’s surface. Good observation skills, precision, and perseverance are some of the aptitudes necessary in this field. Urban and regional planning, economic geography, political geography, physical geography, cartography, and geographic information systems are some of the specializations in the field of geography.
Psychology is a science, which adopts a systematic approach to the understanding of people and their behaviour. Good communication skills, patience, analytical ability are some of the skills necessary for this field. Counselling psychology, statistics, abnormal psychology are some of the subjects taught at the graduation. A student can later specialize in Clinical Psychology, Industrial Psychology, Counselling Psychology, Social Psychology and so forth.