Career in Medicine after 12th in india ?>

Career in Medicine after 12th in india

Medicine is one of the oldest and one of the noblest professions. Even today, with the advent of so many new careers, medicine still remains one of the most sought after and prestigious careers.

A doctor’s profession involves a lot of hard work and at the same time, it gives the satisfaction of curing patients and times even saving lives. Though known as one of the noblest of professions it’s also a very demanding profession. To be in this profession is more a responsibility than a privilege. It is more of what you can give the community than what you can get from it.

This diverse field encompasses sub fields such as gynecology, psychiatry, pediatrics, surgery, radiology, family medicine, social and preventive medicine, neurology and so forth. It involves the diagnosis of diseases and illnesses; it also involves prevention, control and treatment of diseases.

Other than Allopathy, medicine also covers different systems like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc.

Eligibility and Duration:

Entry into this field is after HSC, science, PCB (physics, chemistry and biology) trio. Entry to any medicine related course is via an entrance test (state level or all-India level). Upon the successful completion of the 5 ½ year medicine course, you are awarded a  MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)degree. After the successful completion of the MBBS, one can opt for MD/MS/DM/ for postgraduate specialization.

Course Contents :

The Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery can divided into 2 years of basic sciences and three years of clinical sciences and training.  They study a host of subjects aimed at teaching diagnostic and treatment of human disease. Some of the subjects they study are anatomy, clinical biochemistry, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, pathophysiology of disease, immunology and so forth. The last three years are critical as students are taught to handle inpatient and out patient departments where they can hone their clinical skills. The course is completed by a 1year internship.

Following a MBBS program, most students opt for a specialized field and enrole for a post graduate course. Entry to post graduate courses could be via an entrance exam.

Aptitudes and personality traits:

· Above average intellectual functioning

·  A scientific bent of mind, high analytical and spatial aptitudes.

·  The ability to sustain long hours of work, stress

·  Strong dedication and commitment



Entrance examinations to Medical colleges are conducted on an All India basis as well as state wise basis Entry to any MBBS course is via an entrance exam either state level or All  India level. Apart from this, some national level institutions also conduct their own entrance tests. All entrance tests base their questions on the 12th standard syllabus.

The Central Board of Secondary Examination, Delhi conducts an All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam to select the candidates at an all India level (except in the states of Jammu & Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh) for admission to roughly 15% of the total seats in the colleges of each state.

All India Level examinations to consider

  • All India Pre Medical/ Dental Test (AIPMT)
  • Armed Forces Medical Corps – (AFMC )- ( for entry into the Armed forces of India)
  • AIIMS entrance test
  • Banaras Hindu University Pre Medical Test



Future Prospects:

After completion of a formal degree in medicine one could set up a private practice.  Doctors could also get into hospitals and dental institutions too where there are excellent job opportunities. Teaching and research are other options open for them. Medical writing, medical transcription, hospital administration, clinical trials and regulatory affairs are some of the other related fields that can be pursued. Another opportunity lies in serving the nation , by joining the Indian Armed forces.

One of the most dynamic and exciting  fields is the field of human genetics which can be pursued as a Masters specialization after MBBS. Most students who complete their MBBS opt to study a specialization at the Masters level or some even opt for a super specialization.


Some of the common areas of specializations in Medicine and Surgery are:

General Surgery : specializes  in surgery for all organs of the body. He can further specialise in various types Orthopaedic, Plastic, Neuro etc.
 Psychiatry: Diagnoses and treats mental disorders.
Neurology: Diagnosis and treats diseases related to brain and nervous system.
Pediatrics: Deals with children’s diseases.
Ophthalmology: Treats diseases and disorders of eyes.
Pathology: Investigates the cause of various diseases, also conducts chemical, microscopic and bacteriological test in labs and examining blood, tissues, urine etc.

Cardiology: Treats diseases related to heart and circulatory system.
Gynaecology Diagnosis and treats diseases and disorders of female reproduction system.
Dermatology: Diagnosing and treating skin ailments.
Orthopaedics: Deals with diseases connected to skeletal system and treatment and correction of related problems.
Gastroenterology: Treats diseases related to liver, pancreas, stomach, intestine, bowels and gall bladder
ENT specialist: Treats disorders of ear, nose and throat
Venereology: Treats venereal or sexual diseases.
Dentistry : Treats diseases and disorders related to teeth, gums and soft tissues of mouth.

You should know this …..

Post Graduate Studies :

There are two Post Graduate national bodies in India. These two bodies have different rules for PG admission criteria.  They are as follows:

The Medical Council of India and The National Board of Examinations

The Medical Council of India (MCI) conducts entrance examinations for seeking admission to various post graduate courses across India.
The post graduate degree courses offered in various medical subjects lead to the degree of MD, MS, DM or MCh. The surgical courses lead to the degree of MS or MCh whereas the courses related to medicine lead to the degree of MD or DM.

  1. The National Board of Examination (NB)
    The degree awarded by the National Board of Examinations is called the “Diplomate of National Board. The Diplomate qualifications awarded by the National Board of Examinations have been equated with the postgraduate and post doctorate degrees awarded by other Indian Universities by the Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Many students who study MBBS actually decide not practice  but decide either to get into administration of hospital and opt for a MBA in hospital management or decide to devote them selves to medical research , which is one the top priorities.
Institutes :

  • St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
  • Calicut Medical College, Calicut (Managed by Government of Kerala)
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, (under the ministry of defence)
  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram
  • Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai
  • Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Mumbai
  • Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences,karad




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