The pharmaceutical industry is booming and drug development and regulatory affairs have a new impetus being given to it. With new viruses and lifestyle diseases taking the forefront preventive medicine has been given a shot in the arm. The Indian Pharma industry, which has registered a spectacular progress today, ranks 4th in volume and 13th in value in the global pharmaceutical market with exports worth USD 2.6 billion besides domestic sales amounting to over USD 4 million. The number of pharmacists in health care services is also increasing as pharmacists are no longer simply confined to running chemist shops but are actively involved in clinical trials and R & D, drug therapy decision-making, regulatory affairs, and applied research for patients of all ages.
If you enjoy working with people, excel in science, and would like a rewarding career in health care, pharmacy may be the right career for you!
Eligibility & Duration:–
You may either study Pharmacy as a post 10+2 diploma in pharmacy (D.Pharm),, or a Bachelors’ degree (B.Pharm). The diploma lasts for 2 years and one can seek lateral entry to the degree course which for a duration of 4 years. Admission to any pharmacy course os post completion of 10+2 with science (physics, chemistry and biology or Maths and English with a minimum of 50%). Following a B.Pharm, one can also take up a 2 years Masters course(M.Pharm)
Aptitudes and Personality Traits:-
- Scientific bent of mind and analytical thinking.
- High ethics and standards
- Ability to work hard and in a dedicated manner
Selection Procedure/Exams: –
Admission in most universities is made on the basis of the results of an entrance exam. There are many universities and colleges, which offer pharmacy at the diploma and degree levels. Around 310 institutes are recognized by the Pharmacy Council of India. Of these 60 recognized institutes offer degree courses.
Each state has a qualifying exam for admission to their state run Engineering colleges. For example the state of Maharashtra conducts the MH-CET. Similarly each state has its own examination. Students of other states can also appear for the examinations conducted by other states.
Premier All India Level Entrance Exams :-
- IIT JEE
- BIT SAT
- All India B. Pharm entrance test by BharatiVidyapithUniversity
- Banaras Hindu University Pre Medical Test
- GATE ( for post graduate studies)
Course Contents :
- The 4 year B. Pharm course spans a variety of subjects like mathematics, pharmaceutical chemistry, human anatomy, physiology and health education, industrial pharmacy, drug analysis, pharmocogosys , pharmaceutical enterprise management. and so forth. At the final year you can opt for elective such as cosmetic technology, drug design, pharmaceutical marketing and sales, clinical pharmacology, quality assurance and regulatory affairs and so forth.
- The Masters level course is generally of a duration of 2 years. The Masters is a must focused course and you can chose between options of Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical chemistry, Pharmacology, Pharmcognosys, Quality assurance techniques, Pharma analysis. Many Colleges admit students at the Masters level using GATE scores.
Post graduate studies in pharmacy are the need of the day today with the new foray this dynamic field is making. At the Masters level, you can specialize in
- Pharmaceutics: The science and techniques of preparing and dispensing drugs.
- Pharmaceutical chemistry: It is a field devoted to the designing and development of pharmaceutical drugs. It focuses on the quality of drugs and its efficacy.
- Pharmacology: the field is dedicated to the study of drugs and their
- Pharmcognosys : The American Society of Pharmacognosy defines pharmacognosy as “the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs, drug substances or potential drugs or drug substances of natural origin as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources.”
- Quality assurance techniques : Quality control techniques and measures for ensuring drug
- Pharma analysis :
Future Prospects: –
Pharmacy professionals have immense scope today. Pharmacy is not longer restricted to opening a chemists shop or being medical representatives rather has reached beyond to encompass research and development and a variety of other careers.
A pharmacists can work in production of bulk drug & intermediates or formulations and dosage forms. Pharmacy professionals are involved and needed in cosmetics, soaps, toiletries segment, dental medicine, veterinary medicine, Production of biological & biotechnological products, surgical dressings, medical devices & equipment and so forth.
Research and development offers exciting opportunities in new drug development, New Drug Discovery Research (NDDR), process development (PD), Formulation & Development (F&D):clinical trials, regulatory affairs, drug analysis and testing.
To work in the FDA – Food and Drug Association, pharmacy graduates can opt for state level Government Exams.
Other avenues also open up in academics and teaching. An individual who possess a M.Pharm is eligible for lectureships too. Those with a first class in B.Pharm can teach at the D Pharm course.
Fresher’s begin their career with a salary ranging from 10-15000/- depending on the area they wish specialize in. as work experience increases so do salary packages.
You should know this …..
- The apex regulatory body of pharmacy profession, Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) has announced the commencement of a 6-years course referred as Pharm.D (Doctorate in Pharmacy). The main aim of this course is to cater the increasing demand of hospital and clinical pharmacists.
- The regulatory bodies for pharmacy colleges are namely, All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).
- The Indian Pharmacy Graduates Association: http://www.ipga.in
- B Pharm graduates can opt for post graduate diploma programme in Bioinformatics as the field offers exciting opportunities.